Welcome to the World Jersey Cattle Bureau
 

 

World

Jersey Cattle Bureau

2011 Report of the Vice President for

Europe

 

Perhaps more than any other breed, the

Jersey is susceptible to fluctuating milk prices dependent on component pricing.  The past year has seen milk prices having quite an impact on the breed in the UK although not as much in the rest of Europe .

Thanks to the Jersey Association executives who have sent their reports and these are printed in their entirety.

 

Albania and Greece

The 2010 annual meetings of the WJCB were held in

Albania where sixty members enjoyed a week of interesting visits, attending the first show of Jerseys ever held, and the outstanding hospitality of the Albanian people.  The tour continued into Greece which had two Jersey herds, one of which was visited by the group, along with a small family dairy factory that manufactured Jersey dairy products.

We thank the leaders of ALDO Jersey for the way in which they welcomed the WJCB group and showed us their country and their

Jerseys .  It was a very different and fascinating experience for those who were fortunate to travel to these countries.

 

Czech Republic

Currently there are about 2,500 Jerseys in the

Czech Republic with a national production average of 5,693 kgs milk 5.50% fat 313 kgs fat 3.81% protein 217 kgs protein in 305-day lactations.

Although there has been a decline in dairy cattle breeding, due to the financial situation prevailing in the country, things are slowly improving.  There is a growing demand for Jersey milk and cheese and encouragement is given to the sale of

Jersey products directly to consumers from the farm and at farmers’ markets.  (submitted by Dr. František Louda)

 

Denmark

The Danish Jersey Association and the

Jersey breed posted significant increases in all activities during 2010.

        Number of 1st inseminations increased by 3.8% to 99.054 (+ 13,120 last 3 years).

        No of purebred cows increased by 700, to 66.067. (+ 4.422 cows last 3 years).

        Ratio of

Jerseys increased to 12.5% of all cows. (+ 0.5 over the last 3 years).

        Herd size increased by 8 cows to 150 for Jersey herds (11 cows more than

Holstein herds).

(+ 27 cows last 3 years).

        Production increased by 5 kg butterfat and 4 kg protein, to 396 kg butterfat and 274 kg protein. (+ 18 kg last 3 years)

        National average for butterfat% and protein% increased to 5.93% and 4.10%

        2 cows were celebrated for a life time production over 100.000 kg

Jersey milk.

        14% of the semen from proven bulls used was sexed semen.

        Genomic selection changed the use of bulls. In 2010 the usage of different bull categories was: 56% Proven, 28% genomic young sires and 16% Genomic Super Samplers (GenVikPLUS). Danish recommendations are 50:30:20

        The interest in embryo work increased again. Danish Jersey encouraged breeders by paying for 37 flushings, resulting in 201 embryos. The demand for embryos on the export market is increasing rapidly.

        Export increased to 230.000 doses of semen. 20.000 doses were sexed semen. 

We were very pleased that both the German Jersey Cattle Society and the Swedish Jersey Cattle Society decided to visit Denmark and Danish Jersey herds, during their AGM’s.

DJ May and Q Impuls daughters were dominating Danish Shows in 2010.

For the first time in 25 years a bull was selected and bought in

Sweden (by VikingGenetics) for breeding purpose - made possible with Genomic selection.

Q Impuls set a new record in semen production, in the first week of October. 500.000 doses produced. 30.000 were sexed semen. The bull is now 12½ years old. (submitted by Peter Larson)

 

France

In 2010, the number of cows milk recorded has increased and reached 3687 cows for 542 breeders with at least one cow. This is three times more than 10 years ago. Milk production has increased too, with 5010kg and 5819kg of ME milk. It represents 150 kg more in two years while fat and protein remain constant at 5.57 g/kg (fat) and 4.03 g/kg (protein).

The French association for the promotion and selection of the breed JERSIAISE

FRANCE was modified in July 2008. This association represents Brown Swiss and Jersey cattle. Its missions are :

  • The definition of the selection goal of the breed
  • Keeping the records of the herd book, and collect type data
  • Deliver the official documents such as pedigrees
  • Promotion of the breed : dairy events, open door farms and the “jersey letter”, the website : www.lajersiaise.fr

Today, the association includes 68 breeders registered and 2165 cows. These numbers are in constant progress.

During 2010, Jersiaise

France had a booth for the promotion of the breed and the sale of Jersey ’s products (yogurts, cheeses…) at the Salon de l’Agriculture de Paris. two open-doors have been organized in farms where new Jersey breeders were met. The regional show of Chemillé had more than 30 cows and was a great success. We have finished the show season in Rennes with the SPACE show and in Clermont-Ferrand at the Sommet de l’Elevage.

Several dates are already planned for 2011. In January, Jersiaise

France is organizing a trip to Switzerland with breeders, to meet our homologues and discover Swiss breeding. In February, two French breeders will go to the Conference in New Zealand and Jersiaise-France will have a booth at the Salon de l’Agriculture. In September, at Chemillé, a regional show will be organized and will welcome a meeting of the European Jersey Forum.

Every year, the genetic committee of Jersiaise

France makes a catalogue of AI sires available, in relation with Amelis. Genetic resources come from USA , Denmark , Canada and from Australia and New-Zealand when it is possible. But 70% of semen comes from Denmark . The panel of sires is made wide enough to meet the needs of all dairymen, with respect of the goals of the jersey breed, to improve the typical advantages of the breed. Each AI co-op in France can deliver to their Jersey breeders all the semen from the sires selected by the committee. Amelis ensures the logistics and semen storage. For 5 years, sexed semen is imported, and during the second of 2010 it represented 15.5% of the sales. AI total increased by 17% compared to the same period in 2009. For one year (since the beginning of 2010) 8730 inseminations have been realized with 11% of sexed semen. The use of sexed semen is increasing in France . In 2011, genomics tests will begin on French farms, in partnership with Viking Genetics.

Promotion of the

Jersey breed is made through an active involvement of its breeders, especially on the main dairy events like the Salon de l’Agriculture, Space, Sommet de l’Elevage, etc, and through open door farms organized each year. Moreover, the “Jersey Letter”, published 4 times a year, is a great source of regular information on the breed activity, like the website which has been created in 2008. Finally, a partnership on the marketing with Ouest Génisses has been established for several years.

Twenty Jersey in-calf heifers were exported from

France to Dubai in the U.A.E. in the autumn of 2010.  There is more interest from Dubai for more Jersey heifers from France in 2011.(submitted by Olivier Bulot and Estelle Devaux)

 

Jersey

The year 2010 was an historic one for cattle breeders in the

Island , like so many have been in recent years.  The Island cattle shows saw the first daughters of imported genetics on display in numbers as heifers, particularly at the Autumn Show in October, where these animals took 9 of the top 10 places in classes where they were represented.  The first sons sired from imported genetics have now been licensed for use and we expect the first heifers, sired by a wide range of international sires, to calve down from May 2011.  There is considerable excitement as to who will have the first second generation calf to be born.  Legislation enabling the collection of export standard embryos was passed by Jersey government in November 2010 and this has resulted in considerable interest globally in this process as being a means by which both pure Island bloodlines and those combined with top international sires can be sourced by cattle breeders worldwide.  The application by the Island’s dairy for an EU PDO for Jersey butter was rejected and the dairy is now planning alternative methods to grow market share for branded Jersey products. (submitted by James Godfrey)

 

Netherlands

Jersey herds in Holland are maintaining their position with around 20 Jersey farmers and some who use the

Jersey in cross-breeding. The Jersey farmers have a strong relationship with one another and often discuss the breed together.  They import semen from Denmark , New Zealand and Canada in one joint order annually.   Half of the Jersey farmers run their farms and herds organically, and some process their milk into cheese.  There is a good demand for organic Jersey cheese in the marketplace and this is profitable for the Jersey breeders.  Organic Jersey cheese is popular and well-known in the country. (submitted by Jan Dork van de Voort)

 

Sweden

Sweden reported a small increase in Jersey cow numbers in 2010 – just 14 head, but the Jersey was the only breed to have an increase at all.  The 1918 Jerseys that are milk-recorded average 6715 kgs milk 5.76% fat 389 kgs fat 3.98% protein 269 kgs protein and 8508 kgs ECM.  The Swedish Jersey Association has approximately 100 members.  There is a national demand for more Jerseys, but the problem it there are not enough animals for sale, so the farmers are being recommended to cross their dairy cows with the Jersey . (submitted by Lars Söderlund)

 

United Kingdom

The continuing upward progress of the Jersey breed in the

UK received a severe jolt in the first week of June 2009 when the Dairy Farmers of Britain cooperative was placed in administration. Since that date, the increase in Jersey calves born continues, and the Society has entered a number of contractual arrangements, all having the potential to improve the breed’s position.

It is the milk market which is the UK Society’s number one priority. DFoB purchased over 20 per cent of the country’s

Jersey milk and its demise has created an increased surplus which some processors are taking advantage, resulting in poor prices. The entire milk market is suffering the ‘British malaise’ which sees us as the only country in the top ten producing nations of the world to record consistent year-on-year declining output.

As always there are bright spots appearing and suppliers to the speciality market have seen Longley Farm, owned by the Dickinson family, requiring all their supplying

Jersey farmers to have their animals registered in the Herd Book by the end of 2010.

The government’s announcement on 11th November that it has rejected the Jersey Butter PDO application made by the Jersey Milk Marketing Board is a huge relief. This issue has hung over

Jersey breeders, world-wide, for three years. Now processors can invest in product and brand improvement with confidence, in the knowledge that a monopoly supply will not be created within the EU for butter or other Jersey products.

The

US findings on the carbon footprint of Jersey milk production offers great impetus for all Jersey breeders, worldwide, and the UKJ Society is in the process of adding to that by investing in research to understand the different relationship between Jersey and other milks in product manufacture. We intend to analyze the impact of the differing compositions of butterfat and protein, as well as the ratio of components.

Turning to a more positive area, the Jersey Youth programme has been an enormous success. Over 50 youngsters took part in the 2010 Youth Weekend, up from 40 in 2009. Along with trainers, helpers and parents over 150 attended in all.

Equally the 2010 All-Breeds All-Britain Calf Show had 83

Jersey calves forward. This represented 25 per cent of the entry at a successful and highly enjoyable event, which gave us the opportunity to showcase top end genetics at the same time.

Building on these successes we have plans to introduce new areas to the programme, targeting a wider cross-section of young people. One such move is the Youth Travel Award, funded in its inaugural year by the donation of a calf for auction by Steven Bland, who spoke so passionately at the 2008 WJCB Conference. This was topped-up by industry support and there is no doubt that the Award will continue with two more young people will have the opportunity to travel in future years.

Since autumn 2009 a number of strategic alliances have enabled the Society to add to its activities so that it is much more secure than just being a traditional breed society. The aim is to focus breed development by actively working with industry partners.

Autumn 09 saw an agreement launched with Merial’s Igenity service to offer breeders genotyping of young bulls. While not as comprehensive as some genotyping packages, it is very competitively priced, and enables breeders to retain ownership of their herds’ genetic ‘property rights.’

In spring 2010 Viking Genetics distributorship for the

UK was awarded to the Society. This has caused us to set-up a trading subsidiary specifically to deal with the Holstein , Danish Red and beef breed markets. It is a significant diversification and one from which we are working hard to expand our income.

Cogent Breeding is the world leader in sexed semen production. In the sole ownership of the Duke of Westminster it is a good fit with the Society as we cement our position in the home market. The Visions Young Sire programme provides the platform to test home-bred bulls.

More recently, a consultancy contract with JISEX International will see Derrick Frigot’s extensive knowledge of the

Jersey breed used to better effect for all British breeders.

For the future, coordinating animal health monitoring and disease eradication is a key objective. The starting point is to encourage all breeders to enroll in accredited disease eradication programmes.

With one-third of

Jersey registrations in the South-West of England, participating in a regional Healthy Livestock Initiative which aims to kick start this process for the whole country. The Livestock Initiative also offers the prospect of increasing our knowledge around young stock rearing. Jersey young stock rearing programmes are lacking detail of feed rates, growth rates, management targets, all particularly significant in newly established herds. The UK ’s supermarket retailers wish to see a move to a younger age of first calving as an important contribution dairy farming’s carbon emission reduction. The Jersey breed’s early maturity and high fertility makes it ideally suited to take maximum advantage of this trend.

While growth in the breed’s influence in the

UK was never going to run in a straight line, the past eighteen months has seen us running hard to maintain our position. Recent milk market actions, coupled with focusing solely on the important factors of the breed will ensure we raise the Jersey cow to its deserved position in the cattle world (submitted by Roger Trewhella)

 

Respectfully submitted

Derrick Frigot

Vice President for

Europe

 

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