World Jersey Cattle Bureau
Vice President’s Report for Latin America – 2013
Since I was elected as Vice-president of Latin America region, I had a lot of problems with the communication with the different associations. I have more contact with the foreign breeders than with their entities. So, I can image in which way the Jersey is working there. Brasil is one of this examples, I have a lot of contacts but none from the official association. I continue talking with breeders from Chile, Peru, Bolivia, Mexico, Ecuador, Uruguay, Venezuela, Paraguay and Guatemala.
In 2012 the dairy business in Argentina was very difficult. Also with a national inflation of 30% per year; the Government put a low price of the milk to farmers. The price is the same we have two years ago, and the high costs caused the disappearance of more than 400 dairies. With a production more than 11.000 million per year of milk, the farmers don’t know what to do with the business, close the dairy and change to agriculture is the best choice today.
The price of live animals is going down, U$S 1500/2000 if we talk on official dollar of $ 5, but the real price of one dollar is 8. We are having a lot of problems with the dollar and the exportations/importations.
Talking about Jersey cattle, despite of the problems we talked before, the demand for Jersey genetic is growing, semen and embryos sold in 2012 was very significant. The plants are putting more emphasis on buying solids, and the price can be more than 23%, more than Holstein milk.
This year we are organizing different activities in relation with the promotion of the breed: Instructional talks in the dairy shows and a Meeting in the Association with a small auction.
Every day we receive several inquires of the breed, and looking for live animals. Here in Argenitna, because of the large distance of the farms is very difficult to visit all the farms that are using Jersey genetics. On November 2012 we have a done a small conference in the Patagonia, Neuquén Province, where they milk Hereford to produce a local cheese for the tourist. After that they bought 200 sex semen straws and 40 embryos (because we can´t send live animals to this region which is foot and mouth disease free).
2012 was characterized for great activity,huge number of registered animals, importation of live cattle, adding to the World Jersey Council Meeting, the big sale of Jersey animals on Panaca, the third Festival and Milk International Congress organized by Foncegan, and the 26 Jersey National Show of Expocolanta,our Association as President of the Milk Trade Union representing our dairy sector,on the First International Dairy Forum,on May in Bogota City.
The sale we have in Panaca, with Mauricio Restrepo as auctioneer, on August 11, where nine heifers between one and two years old were sold, achieved prices between U$s 2000 and U$s 4000.
The Festival and International Milk Congress, organized by Foncegan was held on October 19-20, where we had participation by farmers from different regions of Colombia and foreign visitors from USA, Venezuela, Argentina and Brazil. At the same event there was an auction, and the prices for pedigree females and crossbreeding were U$S 2000-U$S 10.000.
The 26 Jersey National Show was held in Medellin City was held on October 25, in the 2012 Expolanta Event. It has been a successful show including a sale where the prices achieved the same results. There were herds from different provinces: Antioquia, Cundinamrca and Santander. We had in the ring 60 animals, and Ron Mosser was the judge, sent by the American Jersey Cattle Association. Jorge Martinez was the translator, and after the show with Ron visited a few farms from our directors.
In this show “ El Hato Farm” was elected as the Best Breeder, also the Great Champion, daughter of Sambo, belongs to the same Farm. ”Hacienda Toscana Farm” was elected as the best exhibitor.
On the first three quarters of 2012, the milk prices to the farmers were the same, but in the last one the price fell, at the same time as the importation of more than 28,000 tons of powder milk and whey, near the double of volume that was imported on 2011.
These importations were justified with the predictions of dry weather “El Niño”, low international prices, zero importation taxes or very low on relation to the TCL (Free Trade Agreement) ,and peso-dollar exchange being favorable.
The milk price the industry pays to the farmers is the highest in the world, as a consequence of the money exchange, (Peso Colombiano VS U$S).The liter at the farm is about U$S 0,50-0,75,the highest price for Jersey milk with more solids.
As a result of the method of payment, established by the Agriculture and Rural Development Ministry in 2012, we have a great demand for live animals, where the butterfat and protein is considered in the milk price since March 2012.
Today we have to consider the international competition when we talk about prices, free trade agreements signed with Chile, Mercosur, Andean Community, Canada, USA, UE on the following months, and later with Costa Rica and Korea, we have to focus on animal nutrition, animal health, better milk quality, genetic improvement, and mostly, modernization of farm enterprises, this will help us to be more efficient and competitive, and service the agreements signed.
In 2012, we have 95 total members, thanks to the 14 new affiliations in the last year, even from different regions, Antioquia province is the most important.
At the end of February 2013, and since it’s foundation, this entity has issued 22.431 animal records, detailed as follows: 16.259 purebreds, 2.306 crossbreeds, 1.517 males, and 2.055 founder cows, first, second and third generation. In 2012 we issued 1.449, 23% more than the previous year 422 (35% less) purebred females, 221 (30%more)crossbreds, 744 (387% more) founders cows, and 62 (60%less) of males.
As you can see, the great increase in the founder and crossbred records, in a result if an intense program of classification.
In effect, we classified 1641 animals, 314 % more than 2011, because we have done a good promotion of this service between the breeders, the average was 82,5 ptos., 0,5% less than 2011. Ivan Dario Cely, Diego Sierra and Jorge Martinez were the classifiers. In 2012,Carlos Salas, our executive director and technician ,visited the farms from different regions.
The classifications and the records issued represented an important income to our accounts. In October we published Jersey Colombia magazine, where you can read about the activities during the World Jersey Cattle Bureau, also with the classifications from 2011. Web page and facebook are another channels of communication we have.
The WJCB meeting was an important success. The country image and the different tourist places were praised by the 45 foreign participants, who came from Denmark, UK, Jersey Island, USA, Brazil, Uruguay, Guatemala, SA, Argentina, Australia and New Zealand. Our gratitude to all the farmers and their families who opened their herds to the visitors: Mrs. Marcela Restrepo de Greidinger, Mrs.Maria Uricoechea, Mr. Alvaro Barriga, Mr. Fabio Jaramillo, Mr Alejandro Gomez, Mr.Horacio Barbosa, Mr.Gonzalo Maldonado, Mr. Eliseo Restrepo, Mr. Camilo Caro, Mr. Santiago Avendaño, Mr. Diego Sierra, Mr. Juan Carlos Hurtado, Mr. Gilberto Restrepo, Mr Humberto Espinosa and Mr. Hans De Wall.