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World Jersey Cattle Bureau

 Report of the Vice President for the Latin American Region

Agustin Robredo

I summarise the progress of the breed in Latin America by country below.

Argentina

As from last year the Government established a payment system to producers in which 80% of the price corresponds to solids (fat and protein) and heath (UFC cells counts). Every industry must pay for milk under this concept.

This called the interest of breeders to produce more solids. The Association has consequently received numerous inquiries regarding the incorporation of the Jersey breed in their herds, by means of Jersey x Holstein crossbreeding.

During the recent Mercolactea dairy show in the province of Cordoba, Mr. Storani; a Jersey producer; gave a conference on income – yield capacity of Jersey vs. Holstein. He also displayed graphs related to the heat stress that cows suffered in the third milking. He proved that in the pure Holstein dairy, production fell remarkably under 40 grades C, and as a consequence, they had to milk only two times. Instead, in the Jersey x Holstein and pure Jersey dairy they could milk three times, and the production was slightly lower.

Bulls sale has grown as well, due to the intention of producers to crossbreed. The increase in semen import (from USA; Canada, New Zealand and Denmark) is another proof that that the breed is growing.

The absence of Governmental policies regarding the price of milk and the fall of the international price of powder milk, makes producers be more efficient in the production and genetics management.

In 2011, Argentina produced 11 thousand million litres, a 7% more than 2010.

The Association is identifying producers who use Jersey genetics, since more than 75% do not control officially. This year, Jersey animals were brought to the north of the country thank to a provincial project that seeks more rusticity than Holstein breed.

 

Uruguay

Last March, I attended a conference organized by the Jersey Breeders Association of Uruguay. The conference was about Holstein x Jersey crossbreeding. The president of the entity, Mrs. Leticia d’Aarenberg, is offering support to the institution for the proper promotion of the breed.
There was also an auction of the breed organized for the first time, where many breeders sent their animals. The prices reached were satisfactory.  This year, Uruguay has exported 30000 heifers (mostly Holstein) to China.

Dominican Republic and Panama

Many breeders of these countries went to the Mercolactea Show and told us that the Jersey breed is gaining importance in their respective countries because the Holstein does not have a good performance in high temperatures and are importing genetics from the USA.  They do not have an Association, but we exchanged emails to keep in touch and build relations.

Paraguay

I had a meeting with the president of the Federation of Dairy Breeds in Paraguay, Denis Lich, who informed me that there is a growing interest in the breed in his country and that many animals were imported from Uruguay lately.

Ecuador

When I visited Ecuador, I noticed the importance of the Jersey breed in the country, mainly in the region of Riobamba, where the Jersey is the most important breed.  They organize first class shows, both in quality and animal presentation.  The association is doing a very good job in the promotion of the breed, and has good communication with the Jersey Association in USA.  Members of the Association are in regular contact with us.

Colombia

With regards to the breed, the number of Jersey animals is growing, nevertheless, many farms have Holstein x Jersey.  Crossbreeding is undertaken mainly with Holstein breed.  In the lower tropic we can find cross with breeds Bos Indicus such as Gyr, Brahman and Guzerat.
Milk is paid per gram of total solids or fat and protein content. The price may reach up to USD 0.75 per litre for Jersey milk and USD 0.55 for Holstein milk. 
There is a defined group of Jersey breeders who always present animals in dairy shows. There are generally between 80 and 100 animals per show.  The number of Jersey animals has grown mainly in commercial animals, not pedigree.  There is a strong interest in the breed among dairy men, and this is due to the payment system recently approved by Government, which consists of payment per gram of solids, fat and protein.
Semen import has grown considerably.  In 1995, less than 5,000 doses were imported, whereas in 2011, imports were over 65,000 doses.  It is not easy to find Jersey animals to purchase, even though the demand is huge all along the country and under all the various climates. The price of a pregnant pedigree heifer goes from USD 4,000 to USD 6,000.

The Jersey adapts itself very well to all climates from 0 msn to more than 3,000 msn.  There is a good performance under grazing system and some feed supplementation and is very resistant to adverse conditions.

With regards to the Association, there are 10 new members of the Association per year, which represent a 10% growth.  The magazine “Jersey Colombia”, the web site and Facebook are the means to spread the advantages of the breed as well at dairy shows and through direct contact with producers.
We receive a large number of emails and phone calls expressing interest on the breed.  There is a great interest in the breed, which is permanently growing due to the payment system per solids, and also due to its performance, rusticity, diseases resistance, less veterinary assistance and calving ease.
In general, the entire dairy sector is very much affected by the Free Trade Agreements made with Mercosur, Unites States of America and European Union.
In Colombia, the use of new technologies such as sexed semen and In Vitro fertilization play an important role in the expansion of the breed.  We think the Bureau is doing a good job, although members should have more communication.

UPCOMING EVENTS: The upcoming national Jersey show will be held in Medellin in October 2012

 

Guatemala:

The Jersey breed in Guatemala is growing more than other dairy breeds. According to our records, there is an annual growth of a 9%.  Crossbreeding Jersey x Gir and Jersey x Brahma are becoming popular.  In Guatemala, there are two payment systems, but payment per solids and fat is the most common.

The number of animals in dairy shows hasn’t grown, but we have noticed that more people participate, even though they present fewer animals.

People from Central America show interest on the breed, and last year we exported Jerseys to Venezuela.  Semen was imported to the country, though we do not have records.  The price of a Jersey is lower than a Holstein.  It is difficult to buy animals because we have to visit the farms; there is not an auction system and therefore it is hard to get to know the market value. The prices fluctuate depending on the season and the number of animals.

With regards to the Association, the number of members grew a 10% and the association receives emails and phone calls daily expressing interest on the breed.

We haven`t done much to spread the advantages of the breed, but we are planning to do so in 2012. We think there are many advantages in the breed and the market should know about it. Our plans are to reach that goal by means of mails and dairy magazines.

Also, we should promote auctions so that buyers and sellers are aware of the market price.

According to the people we asked, the Bureau is not giving benefits.  There is poor communication of the events they organize or the other activities they perform.  The cost for us is too high in relation to the benefits and the number of members we have. I think that the fee should be coherent to the economic capacity of each country.

 

Respectfully submitted

Agustin Robredo

May 2012

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